The grand emperor Yuci brand — Yunnan endowment channel — ratatouille

The "grand emperor Yuci" brand – Yunnan endowment channel – Capital Museum has a collection of Qing Dynasty Yuci China silver pension card. This pension card witnessed the history of the Qing dynasty grand dinner banquet. This gold Yuci pension card, 13.5 cm long, 8.3 cm wide, Beijing Chaoyang District City, Gaobeidian Xiang Rong Lu (Rong Lu, minister in the late Qing Dynasty, Pu Yi’s grandfather) unearthed from the tomb. This brand is made of silver alloy, oval shape, with Ruyi Xiangyun shaped head, and both sides have ear shaped round hole, which can be used for hanging. Card body positive decoration is divided into two layers, the outer layer on both sides of the high relief groups, as long as the longevity, Ipomoea, mouth tongue, momentum vivid, body scales engraved and carved Seiko is strict in demands. The inscription "the emperor bestowed on cast endowment", the back engraved with the inscription "Bingchen in Tai Chi Temple dinner banquet twelve". The 60 year of the reign of emperor Qian Long, he inherited the song and Ming era began the official retirement system, the retired official preferential treatment, in favor of the emperor Qian Long regarded, do the "dinner banquet" is leading the national respect for fashion. Dinner banquet begins with Kangxi, Sheng in the Qianlong period, Qing Dynasty is the largest, and most of the grand royal banquet feast. According to the Convention, every fifty years to hold a dinner banquet. According to historical records, Qian Longdi said the "Imperial Grand", had held a dinner banquet in the palace of heavenly purity. The feast was unprecedented. The old man was invited about three thousand, there is a kinsman of the emperor in these people, a former veteran, who has the folk Beijing old man. During the meeting, Qian Long with the participants and their poetry, playing the "dinner banquet movement" etc.. This is the first year of Jiaqing silver medal by the system, so there is a "title on the emperor". The silver medal by the house craftsmen with silver skin on die making a "Yuci endowment," four words by the then Chancellor of the exchequer and scholar Agui writing. The silver medal was given to the elderly who were from 70 to 90 years old. Every five years old, silver medal for a grade, respectively reward 10, two, 15, two, 20, two, 25, two, 30 two pension silver side. It is said that with this token, you can collect the pension fee in the place where the government office is located. The Qing Dynasty has expressly provided preferential treatment for the elderly, such as elderly students give full pay retirement Juren, officials. There are cases of "Qing Hui Dian" "kept" statutes, regulations: where should be convicted, if the family of grandparents, parents are over the age of seventy, or a widowed mother feast has been more than twenty years, and no adult male and juvenile boy at home, can apply for not sentenced to death, not to try to avoid an exile, no offspring care for parents or offspring from the vast old man. But if the victim is elderly parents or suffering from a disease, just like criminals sentenced to sin, not let the elderly victims feel unfair. (Li Xungang) (Xu Qian, Sheng Yu wood: commissioning editor)

揭秘“太上皇帝”御赐养老牌–云南频道–人民网   首都博物馆收藏有一块中国清代御赐的银质养老牌。这块养老牌见证了清朝历史上规模盛大的千叟宴。   这枚御赐养老牌,长13.5厘米,宽8.3厘米,北京市朝阳区高碑店乡荣禄(荣禄,清末大臣,溥仪的姥爷)墓出土。此牌为银合金制成,呈椭圆形,上有如意祥云状牌首,两边各有耳状圆孔,可作系挂之用。牌身正面纹饰分为两层,外层两边高浮雕二龙戏珠,其下为寿山福海,龙为五爪,张口吐舌,气势生动,身上鳞片雕琢精工系錾刻而出,一丝不苟。正中铸铭文“太上皇帝御赐养老”,其背面则刻有铭文“丙辰年太极殿千叟宴重十两”。   乾隆皇帝在位60年,他继承了宋明时代就开始的官员退休养老制度,对退休仕宦从优待遇,有利于定国安邦,乾隆皇帝办“千叟宴”可谓引领全国敬老风尚。千叟宴始于康熙,盛于乾隆时期,是清宫中规模最大、与宴者最多的盛大御宴。按照清廷惯例,每五十年才举办一次千叟宴。据史料记载,乾隆帝为表示其“皇恩浩荡”,曾在乾清宫举行了千叟宴。宴会场面之大,实为空前。被邀请的老人约有三千名,这些人中有皇亲国戚,有前朝老臣,也有民间奉诏进京的老人。席间,乾隆同与会者和诗作乐,奏《千叟宴乐章》等。   这枚银牌是嘉庆元年所制,因此有“太上皇帝”之称谓。该银牌由内府工匠采用银皮捶揲打制而成,“御赐养老”四字由时任军机大臣兼大学士的阿桂书写。银牌当时赏赐给与宴者从70岁至90岁以上的老人,以志盛会纪念。老人每长五岁,银牌为一个档次,分别赏10两、15两、20两、25两、30两养老银牌一面。据说,凭此信物可在其所在地衙门支取养老费用。   清朝有明文规定优待老年人,诸如高龄生员赐举人、官员全俸退休。《大清会典例》中还有“存留养亲”的律例,明文规定:凡应判刑的罪犯,若家中祖父母、父母年龄都在七十岁以上的,或者家中守寡的母亲守节已经超过二十年,家里又没有成年男子和未成年的男孩,可申请不判死刑,不流放,以此尽量避免一家没有后代奉养父母老人,或者从此绝了后代。但如果被害人也是父母老弱或者患有疾病的,罪犯就只能照原罪判刑了,以不让受害人家中老人感受不公平。 (李训刚) (责编:木胜玉、徐前)相关的主题文章: